Descriptive Text

1. Definiton
descriptive text is a text that describes what kind of person or an object described, good shape, properties, and other numbers. Goal (purpose) of the descriptive text was clear, namely to explain, DESCRIBE or disclose an individual or an object.

2. Structure
When writing descriptive text, there are several sets of common / generic structure (actually not mandatory) that our writing is considered correct. The order is:
1. Identification: contains the identification of matter / a will be described.
2. Description: contains the explanation / description of the thing / person to mention a few properties.

3. Languange Features
-. The use of adjectives and compound adjectives.
– Using the simple present tense.

Narrative Text
1. Definiton
A Narrative text is a text that Tells a story. (A Narrative text is a text that tells a story)
The purpose of this text is to amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or various experience in different ways. (The purpose of this text is to entertain))
Narrative always deal with some problems roomates leads to the climax and then turn into a solution to the problem. (Narrative always deals with some of the problems that led to the climax and then turn into a solution for this problem.)

2. Structure
• Orientation: (in this section is the introduction of the characters, the story takes place or time.)
• Complication: (at this stage the problem started to appear.)
• Resolution: (at this stage of resolution, is the final stage in which the story will be completed).

3. Languange Features
• Using the simple past tense, past perfect, past continous, past perfect continous & past future continous.


1. Definiton
procedure text are (1) Text that explains how something bekerjaatau text that explains how to use instruction guide / usage. example: how to use video, computers, copiers, fax etc.. (2) The text shows how to perform certain activities. eg recipes, rules, play games, scientific experiments, road safety rules. (3) Text-related behavior manusia.contoh: Courant way of life, how to be successful. Procedure text etc. .. The purpose is to tell the reader how to do / ‘These events are usually divided into several steps langkahterpisah. This text is usually written using the present tense. Palingumum example procedure text is recipes.

As with any procedure definition text above, the generic structure procedure also text was threefold:
1 Goal (purpose or goal)
2 Material Needed (material / equipment / materials required)
3 Methods or Steps (Method / steps) Note: In the procedure text in the form of How-to (“Anyway titled howto”), sometimes the material needed (materials needed) not included

3. Languange Features
• Use of imperatives (cut, don’t mix)
• Use of action Verbs (turn, put, mix)
• Use of connectives (first, then, finally)
• Use of adverbial phrases (for five minutes, 2 centimeters from the top)

Report Text
1. Definition
Report is a text which presents information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analysis

2. Structure
1. General classification: Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general
2. Description: Describing the thing which will be discussed in detail; part per part , customs or deed for living creature and usage for materials

3. Language Feature
• Introducing group or general aspect
• Using conditional logical connection; when, so, etc
• Using simple present tense

Recount Text

1. Definition
texet text recounts are usually recounted an incident that had occurred in the past. Usually texet recounts drawn from personal experience then written into essays that form the text itself.

2. structure:
• Orientation (Orientation): Provides an introduction to the events experienced, a figure that is in the event, where the event occurred, and the time when the incident / event occurred.
• Events: Contains tangle of events / events in the story experience. This section usually consists of several Events / Events
• Re-orientation: Contains summary / cover story.

3. Languange Features
• Using the simple past tense

By_Ainun rahmaniar karim


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