Descriptive, Narrative, Recount, Report & Procedure Text

Nama  : Nurfirsta

Kelas   : IX-B


Descriptive Text


1. Definiton

Descriptive text is to describe a particular person, place or thing or to description an object.

2. Structure

  • Identification. It identifies the phenomenon
  • Description. It describes parts, qualities, characteristics.

3. Languange Features

  • The use of adjectives and compound adjectives.
  • Using  the  simple present tense.
  • Using attributive and identifying process.


Narrative Text


1. Definiton

Narrative text is a text to amuse, entertain, and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. The text about fairy tale.

2. Structure

  • Orientation       : sets the scene and introduces the participants.
  • Complication   : a crisis arises
  • Resolution        : the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse.
  • Re-Orientation / Evolution

3. Languange Features

  • Using the simple past tense, past perfect, past continous, past perfect continous & past future continous.
  • Using processes verbs.
  • Using temporal conjunction.


Recount Text


1. Definition

Recount text is a text to retell about a past event.

2. Structure

  • Orientation which tells the readers who was involved in the story, what happened, where the story took place and when it happened.
  • Series of event, which tell the sequence of events. These events are described in a chronological order.
  • Re-Orientation which summarizes the event.

3. Languange Features

  • Using the simple past tense
  • Using personal participant.
  • Using linking verb.


Procedure Text


1. Definition

Procedure text is designed to describe how something is achieved through a sequence of actions or steps.

2. Structure

  • Goals or tittle, the final purpose of doing the instructions
  • Materials/Ingredients, the things you need to achieve the goal.
  • Steps. The steps are oriented to achieving the goal.

3. Languange Features

  • Use of imperatives (cut, don’t mix)
  • Use of action Verbs (turn, put, mix)
  • Use of connectives (first, then, finally)
  • Use of adverbial phrases (for five minutes, 2 centimeters from the top)


Report Text


1. Definition

Report text is telling information about accurate something as result observation sistematis or analisis.

2. Structure

  • General Classification: Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general.
  • Description: Describing the thing which will be discussed in detail; part per part , customs or deed for living creature and usage for materials.

3. Languange Features

  • Introducing group or general aspect
  • Using conditional logical connection; when, so, etc
  • Using simple present tense








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